There is no known cure for atopic dermatitis, since one of the major factor of this condition is genetics. However, the way you treat the condition and the complications that come with atopic dermatitis can mitigate the signs and symptoms.
1. Do cardio exercises
Excessive stress can affect your symptoms of atopic dermatitis. To reduce stress, working out regularly is known to be a good method. One research states that moderate level of cardio workouts can help improve symptoms of atopic dermatitis.
* Reference: Experimental Dermatology
2. Keep your skin hydrated
Hydration is important since dry weather can increase the itchiness and your urge to scratch Try using a humidifier to maintain an indoor humidity level of 50~60%. Also, take shorter baths or showers. Limit your bath time to 15 minutes, and try using warm water instead of hot water. Too much heat can worsen the symptoms of atopic dermatitis, so refrain from using sauna as well. After taking a bath or a shower, carefully dry yourself without irritating the skin too much. Don't forget to moisturize your skin while your skin is damp from the shower.
3. Maintain a clean environment
New clothes, bedsheets, and blankets should be washed before use.
Also, make sure to rinse your laundry in the washer with water several times to remove excess detergents. Detergents are a known source of skin irritation, and it is critical that you remove anything that can trigger dermatitis symptoms. Fabric softeners can also irritate your skin, so try removing fabric softeners from your usual laundry routine.
Bedsheets and blankets should also be washed and dried every two weeks to remove any dust and dust mites. Beddings should be washed in hot water over 55℃.
4. Build healthy eating habits to improve your gut microbiome
Atopic dermatitis is dependent on the genetics regulating the immune system. Improving our immune system through eating whole, healthy foods can help in alleviating the symptoms.
Immune system is closely related to the microbiome of your intestines. Immune cells work as the link between the relationship between our immune system and microbiome. 70% of our immune cells that fight off germs and various antigens reside in our intestines. Microbiome of our intestines thus heavily influence the performance of the immune cells.
There are two types of gut bacteria that resides in your guts: beneficial and harmful. The ratio of these two types of bacteria are different for everyone.
Beneficial bacteria promotes intestinal activity, improving the immune system. Patients with atopic dermatitis have different ratio of beneficial and harmful bacteria from that of normal people. Atopic dermatitis patients generally have lower number of beneficial bacteria and higher number of harmful bacteria when compared to that of normal, healthy individuals.
Limiting the growth of harmful gut bacteria and promoting an environment for beneficial bacteria is vital in improving your immune system. Try limiting sugar, flour, and other processed foods in your diet and eating more whole foods and fibers. Fermented foods such as yogurt and miso.
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis can be different for each patient. These lifestyle tips can help, but it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for a direct prescription.
Genetic analysis test on atopic dermatitis is done in Genoplan Japan.